Monday, June 18, 2007

Why all the fuss about teacher incentives?

There is yet another article about merit-based pay for teachers in today's NYT (Titled "Long Reviled, Merit Pay Gains Among Teachers" if you are so interested). As an economist who likes to read about incentives, I really don't understand why people are so opposed to these ideas. (Full disclosure: both of my parents are high school teachers.) Okay, maybe I do understand, I just don't agree with those people. It seems to me that there are two different types of incentives being considered- the first being a traditional merit-based pay system, and the second being a form of compensation for doing a job that others don't want to do. From an economic perspective, the latter type of incentive promotes labor force sorting and efficiency (the technical term is compensating differentials, and explains for example why garbage men make more money than others with comparable levels of education and skill).

Think about the following situation: there is an overall pool of teachers of varying abilities and subject knowledge. If we consider these teachers to all be part of the same supply of labor (and hence with the same wage for a given level of tenure and education), then basically what will happen is that the most able teachers will be able to get the cushiest jobs in the easiest subjects in the best schools, since they will likely be the ones with the best resumes and the most impressive interviews. This of course assumes that all teachers want these "best" jobs- there may be some quite good teachers that are specfically looking for a challenge, but I would bet that that is the exception, not the rule. Therefore, what ends up happening is that the less appealing schools and subjects get lower quality teachers, since they get what is left over once the better teachers have accepted positions. This problem is even worsened when the "better" school districts can afford to pay more money for teachers (think Scarsdale, NY and their $90K teachers). Presumably this is not what policy makers want to have happen. If they instead want the mix of teachers to be roughly equivalent across schools and subjects (and perhaps even have the "worse" schools and subjects have better educators), then they have to provide a mechanism for shifting the preferences of teachers. The most straightforward mechanism is a monetary incentive scheme, and it is easy to see why this works. While teachers would likely agree about which schools (and perhaps even subjects) are better, they likely differ in their assessments of "how much better". In other words, the teachers differ in how much they must be compensated to go to a worse school or teach a worse subject. Now let's consider an incentive of $10K per year to go teach drafting in an inner-city school. (This could be accomplished either by raising the drafting wage, lowering the non-drafting wage, or a combination fo the two.) Those good teachers that place a high value on teaching English Lit at a grade-A school would not consider this incentive enough to change their preferences, but the incentive would change the preferences of those who were less insensitive to subject or location- they would gladly take the money in exchange for the more difficult school and subject. Now we have at least some good teachers at both types of school in different subjects, which is what we were looking for. (I am not ignoring the point that an English Lit teacher can't just go and teach drafting, but the incentives not only work to alter the choices of current teachers, they also serve to influence the choice to become qualified to teach drafting in the first place. This is a concept often overlooked with incentives.)

Hopefully the argument makes sense up to this point. So why is there all the fuss, even on this issue? One explanation is that this sort of incentive is socially unacceptable. Teaching has long been seen as a "calling", and thus it is considered a bit uncouth to care about monetary compensation too much. Furthermore, well-meaning programs like Teach for America have served to strengthen this idea, almost likening the teaching profession to a volunteer position with the Peace Corps or something. I think this is a mistake that needs to be corrected- teachers are educated professionals with a specific job to do and they should be treated as such, both in terms of compensation and working conditions. The "teaching as a calling" argument largely serves to justify low wages for a very skilled group of people and potentially makes people feel guilty about leaving the profession, or guilts them into entering the profession in the first place. That said, there is a moral incentive at play here, and economists have shown in some cases that a small monetary incentive actually decreases performance due to the crowding out of the moral incentive. My solution? Don't make the monetary incentive insultingly small. :)

I will come back later and talk about the Pay for Performance issue, since I think that there is much to be said on that front as well.


Anonymous said...

We are proposing a pay cut in our system for all teachers so that we can keep our jobs, so I really don't think merit pay will ever happen.

It is a shame that all teachers do not have the benefit of exceptional training in colleges, as well as, school systems. I believe it is time for "higher education" to step up since they are training our work force.

Most systems do not collect data that determines individual student growth, so it would really be hard to determine outstanding achievement growth.

Our state recently decided NOT to fund certain grade levels standardized testing at all because of the cost, so there is no way systems could afford to give standardized tests at the beginning and end of a grade to measure growth.

Since most schools have moved toward inclusion classes, and your best teachers usually have to teach the majority of special education students (without special education certification), this could cause a problem. All of these students have to be taught the same information, and they have to take the same testing. Many of them do not pass because of mental ability and learning disabilities, not because they have not been taught by excellent teachers. Having taught gifted children for eight years, I know that all of my students will score really high on any test given, but it has nothing to do with me. They scored in the 99th percentile on standardized testing before I taught them. This is the biggest issue. How does student ablility factor in to merit pay?

Anonymous said...

Hello !.
You may , probably curious to know how one can make real money .
There is no need to invest much at first. You may start to receive yields with as small sum of money as 20-100 dollars.

AimTrust is what you haven`t ever dreamt of such a chance to become rich
The company incorporates an offshore structure with advanced asset management technologies in production and delivery of pipes for oil and gas.

Its head office is in Panama with structures around the world.
Do you want to become a happy investor?
That`s your chance That`s what you really need!

I`m happy and lucky, I began to take up real money with the help of this company,
and I invite you to do the same. It`s all about how to choose a proper companion who uses your money in a right way - that`s the AimTrust!.
I take now up to 2G every day, and my first deposit was 1 grand only!
It`s easy to join , just click this link
and go! Let`s take our chance together to get rid of nastiness of the life

Anonymous said...

Hi !.
You re, I guess , perhaps curious to know how one can manage to receive high yields .
There is no initial capital needed You may begin earning with as small sum of money as 20-100 dollars.

AimTrust is what you thought of all the time
AimTrust represents an offshore structure with advanced asset management technologies in production and delivery of pipes for oil and gas.

Its head office is in Panama with offices everywhere: In USA, Canada, Cyprus.
Do you want to become a happy investor?
That`s your chance That`s what you desire!

I feel good, I began to get income with the help of this company,
and I invite you to do the same. It`s all about how to choose a proper partner utilizes your funds in a right way - that`s it!.
I earn US$2,000 per day, and my first investment was 500 dollars only!
It`s easy to start , just click this link
and lucky you`re! Let`s take our chance together to feel the smell of real money

Anonymous said...

Good day !.
You re, I guess , perhaps curious to know how one can manage to receive high yields .
There is no initial capital needed You may begin to get income with as small sum of money as 20-100 dollars.

AimTrust is what you need
The firm represents an offshore structure with advanced asset management technologies in production and delivery of pipes for oil and gas.

Its head office is in Panama with structures everywhere: In USA, Canada, Cyprus.
Do you want to become really rich in short time?
That`s your choice That`s what you wish in the long run!

I`m happy and lucky, I began to take up income with the help of this company,
and I invite you to do the same. It`s all about how to choose a correct companion who uses your money in a right way - that`s AimTrust!.
I earn US$2,000 per day, and my first investment was 500 dollars only!
It`s easy to start , just click this link
and lucky you`re! Let`s take our chance together to get rid of nastiness of the life

Anonymous said...

Hello !.
You re, I guess , probably curious to know how one can make real money .
There is no initial capital needed You may commense earning with as small sum of money as 20-100 dollars.

AimTrust is what you need
AimTrust incorporates an offshore structure with advanced asset management technologies in production and delivery of pipes for oil and gas.

It is based in Panama with affiliates around the world.
Do you want to become an affluent person?
That`s your choice That`s what you really need!

I`m happy and lucky, I began to take up real money with the help of this company,
and I invite you to do the same. It`s all about how to select a correct companion utilizes your savings in a right way - that`s the AimTrust!.
I earn US$2,000 per day, and my first investment was 500 dollars only!
It`s easy to get involved , just click this link
and lucky you`re! Let`s take our chance together to get rid of nastiness of the life

Anonymous said...

Hi there!
I would like to burn a theme at this forum. There is such a thing, called HYIP, or High Yield Investment Program. It reminds of ponzy-like structure, but in rare cases one may happen to meet a company that really pays up to 2% daily not on invested money, but from real profits.

For quite a long time, I make money with the help of these programs.
I don't have problems with money now, but there are heights that must be conquered . I make 2G daily, and my first investment was 500 dollars only.
Right now, I managed to catch a guaranteed variant to make a sharp rise . Turn to my blog to get additional info.

[url=] Online investment blog[/url]

Anonymous said...

You may probably be very interested to know how one can manage to receive high yields on investments.
There is no initial capital needed.
You may commense earning with a money that usually goes
on daily food, that's 20-100 dollars.
I have been participating in one company's work for several years,
and I'm ready to share my secrets at my blog.

Please visit my pages and send me private message to get the info.

P.S. I make 1000-2000 per day now.

[url=] Online investment blog[/url]

Anonymous said...

looking representing ed drugs? [url=]buy viagra online [/url]and satisfaction in sprung shipping at . another good place to [url=]buy viagra online[/url] is .

Anonymous said...

Hello everybody! I do not know where to begin but hope this place will be useful for me.
In first steps it is very nice if somebody supports you, so hope to meet friendly and helpful people here. Let me know if I can help you.
Thanks and good luck everyone! ;)

Anonymous said...

online dating bradford [url=]dating uk[/url] special dating services what the bible says about dating

Anonymous said...

I just discovered [url=]SatelliteTV[/url] on my PC! Ultra cheap at only $50 once off to get the software and an account on the Internet. I get more channels(in HD I might ad) than I get on cable so tomorrow I reckon I'm going to cancel my cable subscription. Thought I'd share this with you guys, worth to check out.

Anonymous said...

The French gourmet cheese Bleu d'Auvergne has a wonderful aroma, a rich taste; the saltiness increases with the incidence of veining. The overall flavor is piquant but not overly sharp. Bleu d'Auvergne started life as an imitation of Roquefort, using cow's milk in place of sheep's milk. Legend has it that a peasant, around 1845, decided to inject his cheese with a blue mold that he found growing on his left-over bread (the motto being, waste not, want not). And thus, the gourmet cheese Bleu d'Auvergne was born. This French gourmet blue cheese comes from the region of Auvergne and the cheese is made from milk of Salers and Aubrac cows. The rind is very thin and so the cheese is usually wrapped in foil. The cheese is rich and creamy with a pale yellow color and scattered holes and well-defined greenish-blue veining. We cut and wrap this cheese in wedge of 8 ounces and 1 pound.

buy fresh blue cheese

[url=]buy fresh blue cheese[/url]

Anonymous said...

I am able to make link exchange with HIGH pr pages on related keywords like [url=]bad credit loans[/url] and other financial keywords.
My web page is

If your page is important contact me.
please only good pages, wih PR>2 and related to financial keywords

Anonymous said...

Glad to materialize here. Good day or night everybody!

Sure, you’ve heard about me, because my fame is running in front of me,
my parents call me James F. Collins.
Generally I’m a venturesome analyst. for a long time I’m keen on online-casino and poker.
Not long time ago I started my own blog, where I describe my virtual adventures.
Probably, it will be interesting for you to utilize special software facilitating winnings .
Please visit my web site. I’ll be glad would you find time to leave your opinion.

Anonymous said...

Hi everybody!

We are not acquainted yet? It’s easy to fix,
my name is Nikolas.
Generally I’m a social gmabler. for a long time I’m keen on online-casino and poker.
Not long time ago I started my own blog, where I describe my virtual adventures.
Probably, it will be interesting for you to read my notes.
Please visit my diary. I’ll be interested on your opinion..

Anonymous said...

playboy megan fox, [url=]megan fox super bowl commercial[/url] megan fox talks masturbation
kim kardashian sextape for free, [url=]free full kim kardashians sex tape[/url] kim kardashian ray j home tape
taylor swift tear drops on my guitar, [url=]taylor swift ugly[/url] hot spicy taylor swift
hannah montana games, [url=]hannah montana games .com[/url] hanna montana mp3
harry potter slash fiction, [url=]harry potter buffy crossovers[/url] harry potter nemesis malfoy
tom cruise button up shirt, [url=]tom cruise[/url] cruise to greece and egypt
justin bieber assassinated, [url=]justin bieber remix onetime[/url] picture of justin bieber
britney spears in the shower, [url=]all britney spears hair styles photos[/url] britney spears bathroom
megan fox bare naked, [url=]megan fox stats[/url] megan fox sex tapes

Anonymous said...

yellow undertone complexion mineral makeup [url=]flovent[/url] drug capital of oregon arizona mobile medical
medical projects in libya [url=]levaquin[/url] blood type and furukawa [url=]coatbridge strathclyde bodybuilding 1993[/url]

Anonymous said...

vinegar diet [url=]anti pilz[/url] add and conduct disorder antibiotic resistant infection
todays options health care programs [url=]provigrax[/url] mental health assets deficits [url=]low fat diet for gallbladder disease[/url]

Anonymous said...

careers for master of public health [url=]sante generale[/url] lemon tea cleanse do breast implants feel natural
sba health insurance orlando [url=]erezione pack[/url] generic lawn mower canopy [url=]pima indians with diabetes[/url]

Anonymous said...

hubba bubba chewing gum [url=]lariam[/url] concentra medical employee turnover rates palumbo diet
how to stop my car from smoking at exhuast and clean engine [url=]quibron t[/url] california health express [url=]hypoglacemic diet[/url]

Anonymous said...

environmental health officer [url=]cialis professional[/url] italian ministry of health medical health sciences library weeding age year
ortho tec sports medical [url=]coumadin[/url] ideal cholesterol number [url=]info on in medical examiner[/url]

Anonymous said...

Are you thinking of getting involved into some serious fun sessions? If yes, then don't think beyond New York escorts. They are the most passionate escort girls out there who, with their heavenly presence can make anyone and everyone feel special.
That's why they have been so successful and popular in the pleasure friendly crowd.
All you have to do is to open the website of an escort agency, browse through the various escort categories and make your choice after going through the listed profiles.
Most people always associate intimacy and fantasy with escorts. Yes, these are very important part of the escort services. But with time these services have evolved and now they try to fulfill all the desires of the clients, whether it is physical desires or psychological desires like companionship and friendship. If you want, you can have a complete date like experience with an escort.
[url=]Staten Island Escort[/url] A New York escort agency's website also allows you book your favorite girl at just a matter of few clicks. While making the booking, you need to specify whether you would be seeking for incall or outcall service. For outcall services, you may also need to mention your address where you want her service. Regarding the privacy and confidentiality of this, you need to be completely worry-free. As a service enjoyer, you just need to concentrate on your game. The rest will be all yours, all tempting!

It's the quality of service offered by the New York escorts that have made New York one of the major escort hubs in the entire globe. All girls are very much educated and they know how to keep themselves clean and hygienic. If you have never used Hugo Boss once in your life yet, don't be surprised to smell it on their skins. They are really very much beauty and style conscious. That's the reason they have been able to mark such a big impression in the psyche of each and every escort fun lovers. New York escorts are genuinely the best girlfriends for men seeking for pleasure. They are the abode of beauty and charm and satisfy men with their amazing sense of maturity. The top-quality escorts of New York are the finest and greatly enviable attractive girls who understand the need and desire of their customer. They are blessed with the most alluring bodies and with the superior set of soft skills; they can make anyone feel special.

Anonymous said...


just signed up and wanted to say hello while I read through the posts

hopefully this is just what im looking for looks like i have a lot to read.

Anonymous said...

Do you think the best way to get the cheapest plane tickets is by calling the airline? Or, do you scan through hundreds of websites provided by search engines to find low airfare tickets? Maybe you hope to find cheap airfare in the local newspaper's travel section.
Finding cheap airline tickets can be one of the most frustrating experiences that most of us learn very quickly. Of course, most people eventually give up after spending hours scanning websites that offer virtually the same flight schedules and pricing. People purchase what they believe is the cheapest plane ticket, only to find their neighbor paid just a third of what they did!

Unless you understand the concept of of how airlines set prices, all the searching in the world won't provide the cheapest airline ticket prices. The following information will give you a guide to follow, as you wander through the maze searching for cheap airfare.

Understand how prices are set by airlines! Air ticket pricing is complex and unpredictable, and driven by competition, demand, and inventory. Airlines call this "yield management."

Competition is the beast behind the cheapest plane tickets. All major airlines utilize central reservation systems (owned by various airlines) to fill available seats. The systems are known as Apollo, Sabre, WorldSpan and Galileo. Prices are based on demand, and if some flights are selling well, the price will increase. If the flight is unpopular and has very little demand, the fare is lowered in hope of attracting consumers. In short, fares and inventory change every minute of every day!

Finding the cheapest plane tickets is difficult because travel agents and Internet websites use the central reservation systems that are updated periodically throughout the day. The reason why different searches come up with different results is because the systems are not updated at the same times. And, each system may use different algorithms when searching for low airfare tickets, which can provide a variety of ticket prices .

[url=]More cheap air tickets[/url]

Anonymous said...

In 1959 phentermine first received approval from the FDA as an appetite suppressing drug. Phentermine hydrochloride then became available in the early 1970s. It was previously sold as Fastin from King Pharmaceuticals for SmithKline Beecham, however in 1998 it was removed from the market. Medeva Pharmaceuticals sells the name brand of phentermine called Ionamin and Gate Pharmaceuticals sells it as Adipex-P. Phentermine is also currently sold as a generic. Since the drug was approved in 1959 there have been almost no clinical studies performed. The most recent study was in 1990 which combined phentermine with fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine and became known as Fen-Phen.[citation needed]
In 1997 after 24 cases of heart valve disease in Fen-Phen users, fenfluramine and dexfenfluramine were voluntarily taken off the market at the request of the FDA. Studies later proved that nearly 30% of people taking fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine had abnormal valve findings. The FDA did not ask manufacturers to remove phentermine from the market.
[url=]buy phentermine online[/url] Phentermine is still available by itself in most countries, including the U.S. However, because it is similar to amphetamines, it is classified as a controlled substance in many countries (including Australia). Internationally, phentermine is a schedule IV drug under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances.[1] In the United States, it is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act.
Looking forward, Phentermine is being studied with another medication for obesity. The experimental appetite suppressant drug Qnexa is a mixture of Phentermine and Topiramate.
Phentermine, in doses clinically used, works on the hypothalamus portion of the brain to release norepinephrine, a neurotransmitter or chemical messenger that signals a fight-or-flight response, reducing hunger. Phentermine works outside the brain as well to release epinephrine or adrenaline causing fat cells to break down stored fat, but the principal basis of efficacy is hunger-reduction. At high doses, phentermine releases serotonin and dopamine as well, but such doses are never used in clinical medicine.
[url=]google for[/url]

Anonymous said...
[url=]guest speakers for drug awareness activities in middle schools[/url] drug dosage symbols [url=]circumcision boys school no pain relief[/url]
adult acne product in drug store
[url=]cost of viagra[/url] pictures of prescription drug [url=]review on mio drive heart monitor[/url]
redbook drug costs antiretroviral
[url=]poetry about drugs and crystal meth[/url] erectile disfunction wikipedia [url=]prednisone blood sugar abrupt cessation[/url] causes of erectile dysfunction in young men [url=]osteoporosis animation[/url]

Anonymous said...

check out the new free [url=]online casino games[/url] at the all new, the most trusted [url=]online casinos[/url] on the web! enjoy our [url=]free casino software download[/url] and win money.
you can also check other [url=]online casinos[/url] and [url=]poker room[/url] at this [url=]casino[/url] sites with 100's of [url=]free casino games[/url]. for new gamblers you can visit this [url=]online casino[/url].

Anonymous said...

if you guys predestined to dirty [url=]viagra[/url] online you can do it at, the most trusted viagra dispensary seeking generic drugs.
you can learn drugs like [url=]viagra[/url], [url=]cialis[/url], [url=]levitra[/url] and more at, the oldest principles [url=]viagra[/url] birth on the web. well another great [url=]viagra[/url] pharmacy you can find at

Anonymous said...

Add to that the question of whether or not these free chips are being offered by honest online casinos, and we enter an area worth some study or serious research.

You want to play a little blackjack, maybe some roulette, but a trip to Vegas is out of the question right now. What do you do to satisfy that gaming urge? Why not checkout online casinos, and all they can offer the gaming enthusiast. Whether it's video poker, American or European roulette, or the slots, the web offers a variety of games. To get your feet wet you can have a samples what online casinos offer by playing some free trial games on sites. This lets you get comfortable with online playing before you download software or pay for an account on a site.
[url=]online casino[/url]
- Understand the set-up of the game on the site you're visiting. Make sure you know what you're clicking and why. It can be very confusing with all the bells and whistles and buttons flashing at you. Know the function of anything you click. If you cannot navigate your way around the game properly, use support tools the site may offer.

It is very important that the casino you choose to register for the offer at any of your favorite games, such as virtual table games, slots and rollers. The online casinos usually have a list of games they offer on their website to see the potential players. In case your favorite games are not listed, it is advisable to proceed to the next casino.

1. You need to go on a vacation if you want to play in the regular brick-n-mortar casinos. That will cost a good amount of money and take away a whole lot of your quality time. Then, your family may want to tag along, as they too don't want to miss out on the action. So, in the end you will end up paying for airfares, hotel rooms, car rentals, food, shopping and hanging around. When you actually get to the casino, you will find that there's very little money left to spend on the casino games, which is the reason why you went there in the first place! However, online casinos spare you the trouble of traveling and wasting money on riff-raffs. Plus they save you a whole lot of time as you can play in the comfort of your home at a time of your own convenience and at your own pace plus within your own budget too.

Anonymous said...

wpa safety racing cheap auto insurances
[url=]automobile repair or sell decision[/url] mercedes benz wheel sensors [url=]yamaha rhino seat covers[/url]
mercedes 300 vacum modulator how to test
[url=]ignition module for 300ce mercedes[/url] replace turbo on mercedes diesel [url=]beamer matrix scooter[/url]
troubleshooting 97 dodge caravan
[url=]taboo auto[/url] cheats and hints for grand theft auto san andreas [url=]plymouth meeting for kids[/url]

Anonymous said...

teen designer wallpaper series clothes style [url=]design your own shoes online[/url] invented a machine in which shoes are firmly attached to soles journey shoes [url=]france clothes[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=]online gambling act[/url] [url=]online gambling for americans[/url] [url=]casino cirrus online[/url] [url=]online poker gambling[/url] [url=]gold coast hotel and casino las vegas[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=] Buy reductil online
Buy reductil online

Anonymous said...

Director : Mani Ratnam
Music Director : A.R Rahman
Lyricist/s : Gulzar
Movie Cast : Abhishek Bachchan & Aishwarya Rai

1 – Beera
2 – Behene De
3 – Thok Di Killi
4 – Ranjha Ranjha
5 – Khili Re
6 – Kata Kata

[url=]Raavan Mp3 Songs[/url]

[url=]Bollywood Blog[/url]

[url=]Bollywood News[/url]

Anonymous said...

kitler amateur voyeur
[url=]what is normal blood pressure in an adult[/url] daphne hentai images [url=]gay anal rim jobs[/url]
perky tits melany gets pussy and anal dildo orgasm
[url=]lollicon hentai[/url] mega dildo [url=]yarn lubricant cationic wax emulsion[/url]
free streaming adult movie
[url=]lubricant materials[/url] sex games for adult couples mpeg tgp [url=]robert reynolds gay[/url]
how to anal dildo
[url=]give a sexy massage[/url] free princess 69 hentai movie clips [url=]pro choice on abortions after being raped or incest[/url]

Anonymous said...


[url=]Bollywood Wallpapers[/url]

[url=]Bollywood Actress[/url]

[url=]Aishwarya Rai[/url]

[url=]Ayesha Takia[/url]

[url=]Diya Mirza[/url]

[url=]Neha Dhupia[/url]

[url=]Nandana Sen[/url]

[url=]Bipasha Basu[/url]

[url=]Neetu Chandra[/url]

[url=]Kim Sharma[/url]

[url=]Zarine Khan[/url]

[url=]Amrita Rao[/url]

[url=]Aarti Chhabria[/url]


[url=]Celina Jaitley[/url]

[url=]Deepika Padukone[/url]

[url=]Geeta Basra[/url]

[url=]Kareena Kapoor[/url]

[url=]Katrina Kaif[/url]

[url=]Sonal Chauhan[/url]

[url=]Priyanka Chopra[/url]

[url=]Aditi Sharma[/url]

[url=]Hazel Crowney[/url]

[url=]Kashmira Shah[/url]

Anonymous said...

family violence in the virgin islands
[url=]naruto sex hentai xxx[/url] free online hentai previews [url=]aviane oral contraceptive[/url]
pov adult movies
[url=]saskatoon adult education[/url] virgin mobile usa pricing [url=]museum of erotic[/url]
fat hentai women
[url=]free hentai and cartoon sex videos[/url] female anal pressure [url=]live adult chat[/url]
porn rodney
[url=]extraits videos sexy gratuits[/url] older amateur homemade [url=]hcg oral[/url]

Anonymous said...

raffic shoes calvin klein store [url=]colonial fashion[/url] information on iversonsnowshoes calvin klein jewel [url=]mission statement interior designer[/url]

generic viagra said...

Incentives are always very good for people, is a way to congratulate the teachers for their work, people who are against it who knows what will have reasons, but for me it is a nice touch.

Anonymous said...


Anonymous said...

acne e scar vitamin [url=]cardiovascular[/url] model a jewel tea
lethal dosage of lipitor [url=]cephalexin[/url] medical information about cavernomas [url= ]medical benefits cost trends [/url] wisconsin bureau of health statistics
the butterfly garden tea room in virginia [url=]kamasutra superthin condoms[/url] health implications of carbohydrates
soda and blood sugar [url=]parlodel[/url] best medicine for hypothyroid [url= ]she tried to hide her glance at my erection [/url] viral lung infection caused by dust

Anonymous said...

wrestling clothes michael kors pearl shoes [url=]clothes for rang de basanti theme[/url] chanel hanbags lcd designer [url=]ballroom dance shoes narrow size[/url]

Anonymous said...

bollywood hindi indian raajneeti rajneeti full movie parts full theatrical trailer songs ranbir kapoor katrina kaif ajay devgan nasseruddin shah arjun rampal manoj bajpai teaser eclusive emraan hashmi sajda kajol o mere khuda full video song full video song tu hi haqqeqat milenge milenge action replay akshay kumar teen patti prince it's showtime full video song hot khan sexy bed scene video nude pics hot priyanka chopra pyaar impossible pyar uday chopra part 1. paatshala ishqiya rann dil to bacha hai amitabh bachan paa teaser 1st fisrt look promos bed scene video de dana dan katrina akshay hot wet song pump it up chance pe dance shhaid kapoor shahrukh khan veer salman khan shahrukh khan paisa pe pe pepein pal mein hi kurbaan hua karthik calling karthik latest hindi sex hot video promo trailers 3 idiots dulha mil gaya kite
Raajneeti Watch Online[/url]

Anonymous said...
[url=]south carolina pharmacy association[/url] multi drug treatment hypertension
walmmart pharmacy
[url=]longs drug store highway 50 carson city[/url] prescription and drugs tramadol injection
weight loss drugs
[url=]gaint eagle pharmacy[/url] does adderall cause erectile dysfunction humana covered drug list

Anonymous said...

north county times mexico travel violence inexpensive travel locations
[url=]china travel details[/url] air travel time harishima to sarsava [url=]cruise discounts norwegian star[/url]
total travel madisonville
[url=]santo domingo travel articles[/url] food and travel magazine [url=]tour edge ql bazooka irons[/url]
la manga travel guide pei travel [url=]venice italy travel guide[/url]

Anonymous said...

spells to win the lottery ice breaker personal bingo
[url=]best rated internet gambling blocker[/url] lottery pick club michigan [url=]baccarat crystal cat retired[/url]
nj lottery scratch off
[url=]cny casino[/url] keeping track of gambling losses with loyalty player card [url=]personality identification playing cards[/url]
us online gambling law nature bingo cards [url=]bridge media slot[/url]

Anonymous said...

in memory of lauren n zinsavage fashiongames [url=]information on iversonsnowshoes[/url] designer clothes geraldine laurent [url=]dansko shoes[/url]

Anonymous said...

You may not be aware of what banking Internet actually is, and it can be a bit confusing because it has so many names from online banking to PC banking as well as electronic banking and banking online.

With the popularity of the Internet and the power it gives people to take control of their lives, many traditional banks have created banking Internet web pages where customers could transfer money, set up bill payments recurring or otherwise, quickly check items that have cleared, and many other functions that can be accessed 24 hours per day 7 days a week.

This is the truest form of banking Internet simply because these banks only exist online.

This is amazing and makes traveling a lot less stressful as well because with banking Internet you always know where your account stands.
[url=]Online Banking Features[/url]
Times are changing, with the internet redefining the banking sector over the last five years. Do not be confused as it continues to develop, the many names it goes by all mean the same thing electronic, online and PC banking are all just synonyms traditional banking services provided through a secure internet portal.

The banks also benefit from a lesser need for staff due to the migration to internet banking where customers serve themselves.

Others will also enable you to set up online banking by simply transferring your funds by check.
[url=]Online Banking Features[/url]
Internet banking has revolutionalized banking with immediate global access to your bank accounts using a secure internet connection.

Anonymous said...

betting total goals results casinos in south dakota
[url=]tennessee education lottery scholarship 2008[/url] playing bingo [url=]seneca poker[/url]
christmas bingo free
[url=]education and casino gambling[/url] won lottery [url=]casino online reputable roulette[/url]
casino dialogue corporate casino night [url=]cocacola world war 2 plane spotter playing cards[/url]

Anonymous said...

blackjack assault keno chubbyloving
[url=]lottery number picks[/url] online gambling roulette gambling [url=]blackjack c programming code[/url]
woot bingo palace
[url=]sports betting nhra[/url] north carolina power lottery [url=]free betting tips[/url]
lottery illinois gun lake indian casino [url=]video poker playing tips and strategies[/url]

Anonymous said...

kid movie preview [url=]pablo francisco ouch live from san jose[/url] stormbreaker movie movie dune
rushmore movie [url=]passchendaele[/url] bin tere kya he jina song from movie woh lamhe pre teen porn movie clips
underworld evotution movie [url=]catch 22[/url] essay for the movie laura
movie ring tones [url=]the girl in the park[/url] walking tall movie stardust movie theater
labyrinth movie clip [url=]the planets[/url] movie review when a man loves a woman horse gait movie

Anonymous said...

blow movie myspace [url=]horsey[/url] fast movie torrent free hairless pussy anal movie
movie review site [url=]defying gravity 70[/url] rayquaza in movie boat from movie
novel of the movie maqbool [url=]battant le[/url] never die alone movie quotes
sony vegas movie studio [url=]sky captain and the world of tomorrow[/url] stacey dash movie clips movie adn tv quizzes
watch i now pronouce you chuck and larry full movie [url=]wong fei hung ii naam yi dong ji keung[/url] cinemagic movie theatres company of heroes movie download

Anonymous said...

Всем привет!

Недавно перед мной встала задача, куда деть накопишиеся [b]европоддоны[/b], или еще их называют [b]Паллеты[/b],
[b]Поддоны[/b], [b]Европаллет[/b]ы Размеры 800*1200, 1000*1200- Это [u]Тара Пром назначения[/u].
Немного предистории.
Сам я тружусь кладовщиком на складе. Нам приходит много продукции на [b]Европоддонах[/b],
товар продаем а поддоны остаются, у нас возник вопрос куда их девать.
Раньше мы их выкидывали.
Потом я узнал, что за поддоны можно получить деньги.
Начал обзванивать фирмы везде были цены дешевые,
потом знакомые мне подсказали, что в Челябинске есть такая Контора "[b]Уралсклад[/b]",
около 10 лет на Рынке Промышленной Тары с хорошей репутацией.
Я нашел их сайт в интернет - [url=][/url] и позвонил по тел. +7(351) 233-07-14.
Буквально через час подъехал их представитель, Авто с Логотипом "[url=]Поддоны Челябинск[/url]".
Цены закупочные оказались самые высокие в г. Челябинске.
Все цивилизовано грузчики загрузили [b]Паллеты[/b] ешё и лом поддонов купили, расчитались на месте наличными.
Про другие фирмы я узнавал либо Цены низкие, либо Бракуют много, да и денег от них не дождешься.

Так что если у вас завалялись [b]европоддоны[/b], не торопитесь их выбрасывать, лучше обменяйте их на деньги.

Anonymous said...

All about shop-script
Can it: modules, templates, sql DB and othes...
FREE all products :)

Варез и нулл движка размещен не будет.:-]
В сети и так полно
Что касаемо модулей и прочего, берется материал из открытых источников. Если интересный материал имеет какие-нибудь непосредственное авторство или права, то только с согласия автора!!!
Тематика форума: Обсуждение работы интернет магазинов на движке shop-script, обмен опытом, тестирование новых или уже известных модулей, участие в разработке новых решений и/или дополнений для shop-script, использующихся в интернет-продажах.


Anonymous said...

Hello. In a crisis, fell revenue from sales [url=][/url] . Tell my what can be done. Thanks in advance.
Vsem privet. V uslovijah krizisa upal dohod ot prodazh [url=][/url] . Podskazhite chto mozhno sdelat'. Zaranee Spasibo.

Anonymous said...

[url=][b]sac longchamp[/b][/url]
[url=][b]sac longchamp[/b][/url]
[url=][b]sac longchamp[/b][/url]
[url=][b]sac longchamp[/b][/url]
[url=][b]sac longchamp[/b][/url]

Anonymous said...

We [url=]casino[/url] be subjected to a ample library of totally unsolicited casino games as a replacement for you to play sensibly here in your browser. Whether you appetite to unaccustomed a provender game scenario or scarcely sample manifest a few new slots once playing for real filthy lucre, we be undergoing you covered. These are the exacting uniform games that you can with at veritable online casinos and you can play them all representing free.

Anonymous said...

We [url=]craps online[/url] be subjected to a corpulent library of totally free casino games championing you to monkey tricks privilege here in your browser. Whether you appetite to training a mesa encounter master plan or honest try elsewhere a some new slots in the presence of playing seeking real money, we be undergoing you covered. These are the exacting verbatim at the same time games that you can with at veritable online casinos and you can part of them all quest of free.

Anonymous said...

Êàæäîìó Äîáðîå óòðî! Çàõîäèòå íà [url=]Áëîã Ñèáèðñêîãî Ïîëóáîìæà[/url].

Anonymous said...

Lighting up for the holidays is supposed to be fun, so don't just get lights that you can turn on; get lights that turn you on. There is no time to be preoccupied by a missed call on an unattended phone. However, my husband had a little trouble tightening the screw on the solar panel, so it tended to slip to less than an optimal angle.

My homepage; LED Wandleuchten